Martin Edwards, a fellow local public house historian, has identified a beer house at 4 Henrietta Street in an 1844 reference with the name the Coachmakers Arms. It seems that the name had changed to the Carpenters Arms by 1861. The Three Horseshoes is recorded at 4 Henrietta Street in the 1891 Cheltenham Post Office Directory.
There is also a reference to a Butchers Arms at 4 Henrietta Street (date unrecorded).
Alfred H. Taylor is recorded as the owner of the Three Horseshoes in 1891 and the leasehold was taken by the Cheltenham Original Brewery. The Three Horseshoes was a licensed beer house and had an annual rateable value of £16.0s.0d. remaining at the same value for the next twelve years. In 1903, however, the owner is documented as the Corpus Christi College (presumably of Oxford). The Cheltenham Brewery overlooked Henrietta Street so deliveries of beer could, in theory, be done by simply rolling casks over the road. They still held the leasehold in 1903.
I have come across the the following details that I thought might be of interest.
The Coachmaker’s Arms at 4 Henrietta St. had by 1852 become the Carpenter’s Arms as noted in the following newspaper
Cheltenham Examiner 8 September 1852
Harriett Morse, landlady of the “Carpenters’ Arms” beer-house, Henrietta-street, charged with keeping open her house after eleven o’clock on the previous Saturday night, was fined 5s. and expenses.
Harriet was by then a widow. She shows up with her husband Henry at 4 Henrietta St. in the 1851 census. He is described as a Carpenter & Publican, the pub name is not recorded. Henry died on 24 Jan 1852 so it looks like Harriet took over the pub. She remarries to George Turner in 1854 & in the 1861 Census they are at 4 Henrietta St, listed as The Carpenter’s Arms with George Turner described Beerhouse Keeper.
The Pub can be seen recorded as The Carpenter’s Arms on the 1855/7 Cheltenham Old Town Survey map on the Know Your Place Website.
Hope that’s helpful
Landlords of the Coachmakers Arms / Three Horseshoes include:
1844 William Arkell (Coachmaker’s Arms)
1852 Harriet Morse (Carpenters Arms)
1878 George Burrell
1883 A.H. Morris
1885 Benjamin Griffen
1891 Alfred Henry Humphries
1903 William Woodward